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The Origins of Cheadle 

Your Village : Your Community

The earliest origins of Cheadle are some what shrouded in mystery, as Fletcher Moss wrote in his great work of 1894 "A History of the Old Parish of Cheadle in Cheshire"

 "In prehistoric times our forefathers, clad in skins, roamed over the marshes, the moors and the woods, where Cheadle now stands, and the only traces of them that are left to tell the tale are their weapons of war; all else has perished. Thousands of years after they have gone, the stone hammer-heads with which they were wont to break each others heads have been found in various places in the neighbourhood"

 

 It is certain that there was activity in the area during the Bronze Age following the discovery of three Bronze Age urns which were found in 1872 during the digging of the foundations of new houses off Massie St, although no other items have been found in this area, the urns are very indicative of a burial site. Also found in 1901, to the south of the village, a Bronze Age Axe dating from 1500-1200 BC.

 

The Roman Period:

 During the Roman occupation there is clear evidence of activity within the area  with numerous finds although saparadic finds they are not indicative of a Roman Hoard ie intentionally buried. and the evidence of two Roman roads which crossed in Cheadle would also support the scatterd finds and also support the theory of an actual Roman site in Cheadle, although no edvindence of a actual site has ever been found.

 

The two Roman roads must play an important part in the development of Cheadle, they linked the important forts in Manchester and Buxton, Chester and Glossop and are believe to have crossed in the centre of the village somewhere near the bottom of Massie St and High St. At some point the local inhabitants must have started to trade with their Roman occupiers and the crossroads would have been the ideal place to set stall and sell their wares. This theory of trade would support the sparadic finds of Roman coins one of which was found during the digging of the foundations for new houses just off Massie St, three coins where found and one can assume that their owner may well have dropped or lost them whilst trading with a local, looking at the evidence, the exsistance of the crossroads the beginings of trade the finding of the coins in the proximity of the crossroads leads one to believe in the early development of the area as a centre for trade and the beginings of a community.

 

 

 

 

The Anglo-Saxon period:

This Period of history saw great change as Christianity swept across the land preachers sent from the great monasteries to teach the people
the word of the Lord. It is to be believed that this happened to the community living in the area we now know as Cheadle.  In that a preacher happened upon the community set himself on a hillside and began to preach the word of the Lord. As was common in those days the hillside would be dedicated by the preacher to a Saint, in this case it was St Chad (St Ched) and so the new community Parish acquired the name Chedde or  Chedhill.

 

In those days the majority of the population would have been illiterate and names and place names would have been remembered by their sound, those who could read and write would have spelt phonetically so many versions of the village name have appeared early records show it spelt as Chedyll, Chedull and even Chedley but the most commonest spelling was Chedle, there are records from 1558 with it spelt as Chedill.

Chedle-Chedill it is interesting to note that when the two words are spoken they sound almost the same.

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