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The People of Cheadle 


Mr Pierre Lorillard

by Andrew Frazer.

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Pierre Lorillard IV

Born October 13, 1833
Westchester, New York
Died July 7, 1901
Fifth Avenue, Manhattan
Resting place
Green-Wood Cemetery
Occupation Businessman, Racehorse owner/breeder

 

Born in Westchester, New York, he was the son of Pierre Lorillard III (1796–1867) and Catherine Griswold. In 1760, his great-grandfather, and namesake, founded P. Lorillard and Company in New York City to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. Today, Lorillard Tobacco Company is the oldest tobacco company in the U.S. Pierre Lorillard married Emily Taylor (b. January 21, 1841) in 1858 with whom he had four children; she was the daughter of Isaac Ebenezer Taylor (b. 1815) and Eliza Mary Mollan Taylor (d. 1867). He is the step-grandfather of the artist Peter Hill Beard.[

In the early 1880s, Lorillard helped make Newport, Rhode Island a yachting center with his schooner Vesta and a steam yacht Radha. He owned a summer estate in Newport called "The Breakers", which he sold to Cornelius Vanderbilt II in 1882 in order to use his newly developed estate, the Tuxedo Club, at what became known as Tuxedo Park in Orange County, New York. Lorillard had inherited 13,000 acres (53 km²) around Tuxedo Lake, which he developed in conjunction with William Waldorf Astor and other wealthy associates into a luxury retreat. Lorillard hired famed architect Bruce Price to design his clubhouse and the many "cottages" of the era along with landscape architect Arthur P. Kroll, in 1929. Lorillard was also a member of the Jekyll Island Club, also known as The Millionaires Club.

While it has been reported that Lorillard's son, Griswold Lorillard, introduced the then-unnamed tuxedo to the United States in 1886 at the Tuxedo Club's Autumn Ball, this is now known to be incorrect. While Griswold and his friends did create a stir by wearing unorthodox clothing, their jackets were closer to tailcoats without tails, or what would now be called a mess jacket.

 

An avid sportsman, Pierre Lorillard and his brother, George Lyndes Lorillard, were both major figures in thoroughbred horse racing. In 1874, Pierre Lorillard's horse, Saxon, won the Belmont Stakes. Although his horse Parole finished fourth in the 1876 Kentucky Derby, it went on to race with considerable success both in the United States and in Europe. In the 19th century, shipping horses from New York to Louisville, Kentucky was a major undertaking and because back then both the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes were both held in the New York City area, neither of the Lorillard brothers raced again in the Derby. Pierre Lorillard established Rancocas Stable, named for the New Jersey town where Lorillard owned a country house. He spent time in Paris and in England where, in 1881, his horse Iroquois became the first American-owned and bred horse to win a European classic race. Ridden by the champion English jockey, Fred Archer, Iroquois won the Epsom Derby then went on to capture the St. Leger Stakes as well. Lorillard had other successes in England, notably with the horse named for the actor David Garrick, who won the 1901 Chester Cup ridden by American jockey, Danny Maher.

 

It is here where we can link Pierre Lorillard to Cheadle and the Bruntwood Stud Farm. in 1896 he returned to England in what was known as "The Second Campaign in England" he shipped many of his horses from the USA to various stables around the country one of which was The Bruntwood Stud where his horses would be stabled and trained for future races.

 

 

 

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In 1896 Racing Illustrated ran a story on Mr Pierre Lorillard which also included information regarding the Bruntwood Stud, interesting to see the fields of Bruntwood, then known as the Paddocks filled with Horses and not the dog walkers we see today.

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